During the 19th Dynasty, Amun was restored as the chief god of Egypt. The Aten sun disc became worshiped as the central god. Decorating of the Aten temples followed themes; the offering ritual and the Sed festival and other royal activities.
For perhaps political or economic reasons, all rival gods were banned and even inscriptions to polytheism were defaced to for the Aten to replace. Akhenaten announced his new city of Akhetaten a religiously untouched citydedicated to the Aten during his 5th to 8th year.
The pharaoh had become a successful diplomat. The new king tried a different approach - diplomacy. Continuity remained in once aspect of burial practices; mummification. Countries like Babylonia, Assyria, and Mitani were emerging as potential new rivals. He also changed his name from Amenhotep IV to Akhenaten.
While Atenism may have been seen as an entirely new, revolutionary religion, the concept of the Aten had existed in Egyptian religion as far back as the Old Kingdom. Only they could interpret the will of Amen-Re, which the Pharaoh had to obey. Building Program Due to this religious reform, Akhenaten embarked on a huge building program, when he moved the capital from Thebes to his new city of Akhenaten, dedicated to the Aten.
Some were threatened by the Hittites. The temple architecture, decoration, and rituals within this new city were altered to suit the Aten. After Akhenaten became Pharaoh, he began to promote a cult of the god Aten in Thebes, by building temples to this deity near Amun-Re temples at Karnak.
Over time, the priests at the temple grew richer and ever more powerful. Foreign Affairs It appears that Akhenaten was losing control of the outlying areas of the Egyptian Empire.
What the foreign princes wanted most, however, was to marry an Egyptian princess, not just for her dowry, but also to cement relations between two nations. They could no longer be welcomed into the afterlife by Osiris. However, rituals were under developed during Atenism as Akhenaten had banned the cult of Osiris.
This may have caused him to focus more on religion and politics, rather than maintaining or expanding his empire like previous pharaohs. The letters show there was considerable unrest and squabbling between the near eastern towns.
Horemheb began systematic destruction of Akhenaten monuments and continued his policy of restoring the traditional cult.
The traditional funerary practices were abolished to make way for a new monotheism god, shattering the common Egyptians hopes for an afterlife. The opinion that the king was so involved with his new religion, and new city, that focus on foreign relations and military campaigns was diverted, appears to be plausible.
Amenhotep needed to protect Egypt from these rivals, but desperately wanted to avoid yet more war. Strange new artistic styles changed the way Egyptians saw their gods and rulers. It is thought that Akhenaten founded a new capital during his 5th year because he was politically motivated to choose another site with no existing religious associations.Rekhmire (Thutmose III, Amenhotep II) Viceroy of Nubia – Wawat + Kush Overseer of treasury, granaries, building works Eg.
Neferperet (Ahmose) - chief teasurer + overseer building wrks Abydos - respon reopen Tura quarry – source fine limestone.
Amenhotep initiated a building program that not only included the erection of new structures, but also the renovation of prior monuments. The main features of his works were their size and massive statuary, lavish use of materials, quality of design and precision of workmanship/5(3).
PERIOD Reign of Amenhotep III. Ramesses II was able to dislodge the Hittites from Amurru and Kadesh, recapture all of Egypt’s former possessions in Syria, and hold onto the previously conquered land.
Tutankhamun had a big impact in his reign after Akhenaten’s passing through his religious restoration, building program and work. Jul 05, · Disassociated himself with Atenism, and promoted the view that he was the successor of Amenhotep II (rewriting history) Edit of reform Building Program Amenhotep III's building program, surpassed that of any of his predecessors in both quantity and quality.
He began his building program early in his reign. Amenhotep III Building Program PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay. Sign up to view the complete essay. More essays like this: amenhotep iii, a building program, the temple of luxor. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. Amenhotep the Third Essay. Moreover Amenhotep the third’s devotion to religion maintained stability and his building program is a clear reflection of this.
The curtailing of the cult of Amun also shows Amenhotep’s religious conciseness. Amenhotep’s successful military exploits in Nubia and Syria and his projection of his image of.Download