Through industrial revolution, more people have been attracted to move from rural to urban areas on the account of improved employment opportunities. The major factors are shortage of building materials and financial resources, inadequate expansion of public utilities into sub-urban areas, poverty and unemployment of urban immigrants, strong caste and family ties and lack of adequate transportation to sub-urban areas where most of the vacant land for new construction is located.
With the advent of many private banks, a number of schemes such as providing tax concessions and lower interest rates have been introduced to promote the housing sector. This paper revealed the consequences of the problems of urbanization in Nigeria using empirical data from the metropolitan Lagos.
The lack of integration of slum Housing problem in urbanization into urban life reflects both, the lack of ability and cultural barriers. In India, housing is essentially a private activity. Rich are becoming richer and poor are becoming poorer.
The other cities with over 40 per cent slum population to the total population Municipal Corporation are Faridabad and Meerut. Some relief is expected with the completion of metro rail. The most shocking aspect is that slums are growing at an accelerated rate.
The increasing relocation of people from rural or developing areas to urban areas is the leading cause of urban unemployment.
As such water supply, sanitation, electricity, roads, drainage, schools, health centres, and market places are either absent or arranged informally. This is well exhibited by almost all the big cities of India.
The greatest pressure of the immigrating population has been felt in the central districts of the city the old city where the immigrants flock to their relatives and friends before they search for housing. According to the report of the Census of Indiathe slum population of Patna Municipal Corporation is partial and is being subjected to scrutiny.
In dry summer season, taps remain dry for days together and people are denied water supply at a time when they need it the most. The World Health Organization stated suspended particulate concentration should add up to less than 90 micrograms per cubic meter. Urban unemployment in India is estimated at 15 to 25 per cent of the labour force.
The road length per vehicle was 3 km in which reduced to 2 km in1. Effects of Urbanization Positive effects of urbanization Urbanization yields several positive effects if it happens within the appropriate limits.
Urban sprawl is rapidly encroaching the precious agricultural land. With rapid pace of urbanisation, industries and transport systems grow rather out of proportion. Already there are 44 lakh vehicles on Delhi roads in which will almost double by when the next Master Plan will be implemented.
Many people in urban areas drive to work and this creates a severe traffic problem, especially during the rush hours. This brings about the need to develop better infrastructure, better education institutions, better health facilities, better transportation networks, establishment of banking institutions, better governance, and better housing.
Air Pollution Suspended particulates in the air come from motor vehicle fuel combustion.
Dharavi was an arm of the sea that was filled by waste, largely produced by the people who have come to live there. Lead alone can cause brain damage, learning disabilities and premature death in children.
Chennai uses water express trains to meets its growing demand for water. Only 79 per cent In Kolkata, metro rail and Vivekanand Setu were constructed to ease traffic flow.5 Major Problems of Urbanization By Jasmine Reese ; Updated June 27, More than 50 percent of people worldwide live in cities, and the World Health Organization predicts that this proportion will continue to increase.
The Impact of Urbanization on Housing Development: The Lagos Experience, Nigeria. The impact of rapid population growth on housing development in a developing economy is usually a consequence of the push of the rural areas and the pull of the town.
Developing countries are experiencing a rapid growth in the urbanization. As a result of these, countries are faced with shortage of jobs. lack of affordable housing, flooding, pollution, slum. Urban Threats. Urbanization spurs a unique set of issues to both humans and animals.
Create private-public partnerships to provide services such as waste disposal and housing. Essay on Housing Problems in Urban Areas!
Shelter is the basic human requirement. Even after 57 years of independence, the country is still grappling with the growing shelter problem, especially of the poor. The problem has further been compounded by the rapid increase in urban population.
Constant. Keywords—Urbanization, rapid urbanization, fringe area, urban housing. 1. INTRODUCTION Urbanization and pace of urbanization has increased tremendously in last few decades.Download