Either as nurses, maids, spies or soldiers, these women stepped out of the safety and security of their traditional roles in society and risked their lives to serve their country.
After the Treaty of Paris she was given an honorable discharge from the army by Henry Knox.
Tensions led to conflict, particularly over land. Increasing this disparity was the fact that the maritime industry was the largest employer of black males in the post-Revolutionary period, taking many young black men away to sea for several years at a time.
But the significance of their contribution lay in their active and visible support. When visitors arrived unannounced, Sally New River made sure they were provided for.
One of the best examples of a woman who disguised herself as a man to fight in the Continental Army was Deborah Sampson from Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Among her duties as a Beloved Woman was watching over prisoners captured by the Cherokee in raids and warfare.
As a result of this alliance, the American Major General John Sullivan and his soldiers burned and completely destroyed about forty Iroquois towns in what is now upstate New York, displacing thousands of Iroquois inhabitants.
Another female soldier was Ann or Nancy Bailey of Boston who enlisted in under the alias Sam Gay and was promoted to Corporal before her true identity was discovered just a few weeks later, resulting in her arrest and imprisonment.
Wright and her sister Rachel, who had also been widowed, opened waxworks houses in Manhattan and Philadelphia, but Wright wanted more. Men were generally employed in the engineering and Royal Artillery departments of the army as carpenters, wheelwrights, smiths, sawyers, equipment menders, wagon and platform builders and menders, etc.
Not unlike women eighty years later who disguised themselves as men to serve in the armies of the Civil War, women of the Revolutionary Era also itched to get into the fight, do their part for the cause, and be engaged in a historical moment.
To help make ends meet she often gave public lectures about her wartime service. The British took advantage of this, encouraging the Cherokee to attack American settlements. Anne Smith was condemned for her attempt to join the army in order to secure the enlistment fee.
Henry and Lucy were devoted to one another and she would join him whenever she could while he was on campaign. For example, enslaved women living in Philadelphia, rather than waiting for their husbands to return from fighting for the colonists, left with the British occupations in the late s and early s.
Although women were not allowed to join the military at the time, many women still served as secret soldiers during the Revolutionary War. A biography was even written about Waters inbut it was never published.
Family legend has it that she often hid in a closet adjoining the room the officers met in, then smuggled word of their plans to her son, who served in the Revolutionary forces. Reed died suddenly of a fever in the fall ofbut her friend Sarah Franklin Bache, the daughter of Benjamin Franklin, took up the work.
The fort at West Point, which Arnold had schemed to turn over to the British, was saved. Their presence was a declaration that everyone made sacrifices for the war cause. In Januarya proposal was made in the British House of Commons for general emancipation in all British territories, a political maneuver intended to humble "the high aristocratic spirit of Virginia and the Southern Colonies.
The tea boycott, for example, was a relatively mild way for a woman to identify herself and her household as part of the patriot war effort. Each of the men she woke gathered nearby militiamen and headed for the Ludington homestead, where the colonel was waiting.Women played critical roles in the American Revolution and subsequent War for Independence.
Historian Cokie Roberts considers these women our Founding Mothers. Women like Abigail Adams, the wife of Massachusetts Congressional Delegate John Adams, influenced politics as did Mercy Otis Warren, wife of Boston Patriot Joseph.
Americans lose to British in the Battle of Brandywine (Pennsylvania), which leaves Philadelphia undefended.
Women took on many roles in the Revolutionary War. Some of these roles were traditional while others were unconventional and even scandalous for the time. From supportive jobs like nurses, cooks and maids to more direct roles such as secret soldiers and spies, these Daughters of Liberty did more than their share to help win America's independence.Download